You probably already know that capsaicin, the phytochemical that gives chili peppers their heat, is a potent fat-burning compound, but according to information presented at the Experimental Biology 2010 meeting in Anaheim, Calif., it isn’t peppers’ only weight-loss superstar. Dihydrocapsiate (DCT), which is related to capsaicin but isn’t spicy, could also increase calorie burning. UCLA researchers recruited 34 men and women and gave them a very-low-calorie liquid meal replacement for 28 days and either a placebo or DCT at one of two dosage levels. They found that subjects in the high-dose DCT group not only burned twice the calories of the placebo group but also burned more fat. Chili tonight, anyone?