Vitamins And Minerals Defined - Muscle & Performance

Vitamins And Minerals Defined



A: Key for vision, bone growth, reproduction, cell division, cell differentiation and immune function.

B-6: Essential for metabolizing protein and red blood cells, as well as nervous and immune system efficiency.

B-9: More commonly known as folate or folic acid, this nutrient is especially important during pregnancy; it helps make DNA and RNA (the building blocks of cells).

B-12: Also called cobalamin, it’s needed for red blood cell formation, neurological function and DNA synthesis.

C: Also called ascorbic acid, it’s essential in creating collagen (the protein that forms connective tissues like cartilage), wound healing and protein metabolism.

D: Promotes calcium absorption and is essential for bone health. It also plays roles in modulating neuromuscular and immune functions and reducing inflammation.

E: Occurs in eight forms: alpha-, beta-, gamma- and delta-tocopherol and -tocotrienol. It is a potent antioxidant and is involved in immune function and circulatory health.


Calcium: The most abundant mineral in the body, it’s stored in bones and teeth and supports their structure. It’s also used for muscle contraction, blood-vessel expansion and contraction, the secretion of hormones and enzymes, and transmitting impulses through the nervous system.

Iron: Assists with oxygen transport and regulating cell growth and differentiation.

Magnesium: Part of more than 300 biochemical reactions, it helps maintain normal muscle and nerve function, keeps heart rhythm steady, supports immune function and contributes to bone health.

Selenium: Helps prevent DNA damage from free radicals and regulate thyroid function, and participates in immune function.

Zinc: Integral for cellular metabolism and plays roles in immune function, protein and DNA synthesis, wound healing and cell division.